The Ganesh Chaturthi is a popular festival in the Hindu religion which is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervour throughout India and abroad. In India, the Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated specially in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Telangana.
Lord Ganesha was born on the Chaturthi tithi of the month of Bhadra according to the Bengali calendar. Goddess Parvati, the wife of Lord Shiva, gave birth to a little boy who was known as Lord Ganesha.
It is an interesting myth that once during the time of bathing, Goddess Parvati left the little boy alone and the little boy created an obstacle while Lord Shiva was returning home. Out of this situation, Lord Shiva turned furious and severed the head of the little boy. Afterwards, seeing the beheaded little boy, Goddess Parvati became furious and took the form of Goddess Kali, to destroy the entire world. The people began to pray to Lord Shiva for pacifying Goddess Kali. To save the world, Lord Shiva asked his followers to bring the head of a child who was neglected by his mother. Such child was not found and afterwards, the followers brought the head of a baby elephant which was placed on the neck of the truncated little boy. Eventually, Lord Brahma was kind enough to enliven the elephant – headed little boy and Goddess Kali became pacified. The elephant – headed little boy was welcomed into Lord Shiva’s family.
The physical form of Lord Ganesha is very symbolic. The large head manifests wisdom, the small eyes exemplify concentration, the single tusk indicates good spirit. Similarly, the trunk reflects efficiency. The remarkable large ears are present for attention whereas one hand holds an axe for cutting all evils while the other hand holds a lotus flower for blessings of human beings. The large stomach absorbs all good and bad of life. The accompanying mouse indicates quick action of life.
Lord Ganesha, as an idol of prosperity, happiness and wealth, is being worshipped by all the Hindu believers at large but the business community very specially follows all rituals of the worshipping.